Grape Varieties

Wine is usually made with grapes, but they’re not like the ones you find in the grocery store. All wine grapes comes from a single species (vitis vinifera) and - compared to other grapes - they are smaller, sweeter, have thicker skins and contain seeds.

There are over 1,300 wine grape varieties used in commercial production, the top 100 of these varieties making up 75% of the world’s vineyards. Cabernet Sauvignon is the most planted variety, but other popular examples are Merlot, Tempranillo, Airén, Chardonnay, Syrah, Grenache Noir, Sauvignon Blanc and Pinot Noir.